Righteous VS Unrighteous Judgement

Updated: Oct 23

Brothers and Sisters

One of the most important facets of Biblical truth revealed by the Scripture is YAHUAH is the Judge of all - in time and in eternity.

Here are some Scripture references:

"Shall not the judge of all the earth do right?" (Gen. 18:25, NKJV).

"May the YAHUAH, the judge, render judgment this day" (Judg. 11:27).

"Surely He is ELOHIYM who judges in the earth" (Ps. 58:11).

The psalmist said to YAHUAH, "Rise up, O Judge of the earth; render punishment to the proud" (Ps. 94:2).

The writer of Hebrews wrote:

"But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living ELOHIYM, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven to YAHUAH the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, ..." (Hebrews 12:22 and 23, NKJV, emphasis added).

In other words, YAHUAH is also the judge of all believers. The phrase, "You have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living ELOHIYM" means, "You are His people in the Church of YAHUSHA HA’MASHIACH, the temple of the living ELOHIYM". In Scripture the word "Zion" always refers to the New Testament Church.

What Judgment to Judge?

The Scripture reveals two types of judgment everyone (believer or unbeliever) is judging while living on earth - The righteous judgment and the unrighteous judgment. Even though YAHUAH is the Judge of all, He has vested righteous judgment for His people to judge.

YAHUSHA said to the people during a Jewish feast:

"Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment" (John 7:24, NKJV).

In the context, it is obvious that "judge according to appearance" means "judge with unrighteous judgment". Hence, YAHUAH's people are encouraged to judge with righteous judgment but forbidden to judge with unrighteous judgment.

Judgment According to the Flesh

Later on YAHUSHA said to the Pharisees:

"You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one. And yet if I do judge, My judgment is true; for I am not alone, but I am with the Father who sent Me" (John 8:15 and 16, NKJV).

The Amplified Bible says:

"You (set yourselves up to) judge according to the flesh - by what you see; you condemn by external, human standards. I do not (set Myself up to) judge or condemn or sentence anyone. Yet even if I do judge, My judgement is true - My decision is right; for I am not alone (in making it), but (there are two of Us), I and the Father Who sent Me" (Emphasis added).

Here are a few points worth noting:

1. There is a contrast between the judgment of the Pharisees and the Judgment of YAHUSHA. Pharisees condemn others by judging with external human standards. YAHUSHA does not condemn and His Judgment is true.

2. "Judgment according to appearance" is the same as "judgment according to the flesh".The flesh comes from our unredeemed soul and the five senses of our earthly soulish bodies.

The Bible tells us how to deal with the body and soul - man's carnal, fleshly nature. In Ephesians 4:22 - 24 Paul said believers are to "put off" the old man with his fleshly lusts and to "put on" the new man in MASHIACH. For Paul's list of "the work of flesh" read Galatians 5:17, 19 and 20.

3. Judging according to the flesh is forbidden because this type of judgment comes from our carnal nature and might ends up condemning (or sentencing) others. When a person judges by external human standards he is likely to be prejudice and judges with preconceived opinions.

4. YAHUSHA does not judge or condemn or sentence anyone. But if He does judge, His judgment is worthy to be regarded as true because He is never alone - The Father and Him are One. The next verse (John 8:17) says the testimony of two persons is true.

Unrighteous Judgment

1. An example of unrighteous judgment is the type of judgment YAHUSHA spoke about in His "Sermon on the Mount" (Matthew 7).

"Judge not, that you be not judge" (Matt. 7:1, NKJV).

The Amplified Bible is more vivid:

"Do not judge and criticize and condemn others, so that you may not be judged and criticized and condemned yourselves" (Emphasis added).

For those who do not use the Amplified Bible, the Words of YAHUSHA recorded by Luke confirmed this type of Judgment as unrighteous:

"Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven" (Luke 6:37, NIV, emphasis added).

2. Another example of unrighteous judgment is, when a person who judges another person but practices the same things himself:

Paul wrote to the Roman believers, "Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things" (Romans 2:1, NKJV).

Righteous Judgment

Paul wrote to the Corinthian believers:

"What business is it of mine to judge those outside the church? Are you not to judge those inside? YAHUAH will judge those outside" (1 Cor. 5:12 and 13, NIV).

Paul's instruction is clear - It is YAHUAH's business to judge unbelievers but it is a believer's business to judge other believers. In other words, if a believer judges an unbeliever, then, according to the basis of the Scripture, he judges with unrighteous judgment. On the other hand, if he judges another believer then he judges with righteous judgment.

Paul gave an example on how a righteous judgment should be carried out in the Church: